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Adding a custom Share Theme

Name Adding a custom Share Theme
Extension Point Share Themes
Description This tutorial demonstrates how to customize the look and feel of the Share user interface by creating a custom theme. The Share user interface is currently implemented with both Aikau code and YUI code. This has an impact on what you need to do to style the whole Share UI, as Aikau components are styled differently from YUI components.
Implementation Steps The following steps are usually needed to customize the Share UI using a custom theme:
  1. Copy one of the existing out-of-the-box themes and use it as a basis for the new theme
  2. Give the new theme a name
  3. Update the CSS files with the new theme name
  4. Create an XML file <new theme name>.xml to let Share know about the new theme
  5. Replace logos and other images
  6. Customize the look and feel of YUI components by updating presentation.css and skin.css
  7. Customize the look and feel of Aikau components by overriding LESS variables in <new theme name>.xml
Important: If you are upgrading to a newer Alfresco Community Edition version, and you are using a custom theme, then it is important to make sure that whatever out-of-the-box theme your custom theme is base on (such as Green Theme) has not changed between Alfresco Community Edition versions. For example, upgrading from version 5.0 to 5.1 will mean that all the out-of-the-box themes will have an extra images/logo-entreprise.png file. So if you upgrade to a newer version you will also have to upgrade your custom theme to match.
Related Information This tutorial assumes that you are familiar with the Share architecture. If you are new to it then read up on it here before starting this tutorial.
Source Code Go to code
This tutorial assumes you have create a new SDK All-In-One project.
Tutorial implementation steps:
  1. Create a new themes directory under: aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF.
  2. Copy an existing theme, such as the Green Theme, from alfresco/tomcat/webapps/share/themes/greenTheme into the new aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes directory.

    As you might have guessed, this requires you to actually download and install Alfresco Community Edition. To avoid having to do that you can also run the all-in-one project once and you will have the required theme resources in all-in-one/share/target/share/themes

  3. Rename the theme directory to a custom theme name.

    Change the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/greenTheme directory name to aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme.

  4. Update the theme name in the CSS files.

    In both the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme/presentation.css file and the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme/yui/assets/skin.css file, search for the greenTheme name and replace it with tutorialTheme.

  5. Add a theme's descriptor file called tutorialTheme.xml to the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/alfresco/web-extension/site-data/themes directory (you would have to create the themes directory too):

    <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
    <theme>
       <title>Tutorial Theme</title>
       <title-id>theme.tutorialTheme</title-id>
       <css-tokens>
       </css-tokens>
    </theme>

    The theme ID will be determined by the file name, so from now on this theme is identified by tutorialTheme. The title elements determine the title of the theme in the UI. The css-token element will be covered later on in this tutorial.

  6. Optionally add an i18n resource file with the Theme title label.

    We can use the existing aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/alfresco/web-extension/messages/aio-share-jar.properties file for this. Add the following property to it:

    theme.tutorialTheme=Tutorial Theme
    The property name theme.tutorialTheme must match what you specified in the tutorialTheme.xml file as title-id. If you don't bother defining any resource label properties in this file, then the theme title will be taken from the title element in the tutorialTheme.xml file.
  7. Replace logos.

    A basic customization of Share usually involves replacing the Alfresco logos with company specific logos. The following list explains where the different logo image files are displayed in the user interface:

    • aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme/images/app-logo-48.png - this is the logo that shows in the title of each page.
    • aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme/images/logo.png - this is the logo that shows up on the Login page.
    Replace these with whatever logos you want, and make sure to keep the same image sizes.
  8. Customize the YUI components in the Share user interface.

    This is done by updating CSS styles in the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme/presentation.css file and the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/META-INF/themes/tutorialTheme/yui/assets/skin.css file.

    For example, to get a theme with more of a purple touch go through and replace the greenish colours as follows:
    Green      Purple
    #92c15f -> #BDA0CB
    #00AE42 -> #7F00FF
    #5FAC34 -> #BF5FFF
    #3a6c38 -> #2E0854
    #009300 -> #A020F0
    #008F22 -> #A020F0
    #D4F8C4 -> #ECC8EC
    Replace only the color and background-color css tokens. To do more detailed customizations you will have to change the CSS classes in these files and see what the result looks like. This styling will not affect the Share Header with the menu and title, and any other Aikau components, how to do this is covered in the next step.
  9. Customize the Aikau components in the Share user interface.

    This is done by overriding LESS variables in the aio/aio-share-jar/src/main/resources/alfresco/web-extension/site-data/themes/tutorialTheme.xml file. Update it to look like this:

    <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
    <theme>
       <title>Tutorial Theme</title>
       <title-id>theme.tutorialTheme</title-id>
       <css-tokens>
          <!-- Aikau related LESS variables (requires Aikau 1.0.18) -->
          <less-variables>
             @header-background-color: #A020F0;         <!-- Purple -->
             @header-font-color: yellow;
             @header-hover-background-color: #BDA0CB;   <!-- Purple candy -->
             @header-hover-font-color: #ccc;
             @header-focus-background-color: #8A2BE2;
             @header-focus-font-color: red;
             @header-menubar-font-color: yellow;
             @header-dropdown-menu-font-color: yellow;
    
             @dashlet-background: #fff;
             @dashlet-border: 1px solid #bababa;
             @dashlet-border-radius: 0;
             @dashlet-title-background: #92c15f linear-gradient(to bottom, #a3d07a, #92c15f);
             @dashlet-title-border-bottom: 0;
             @dashlet-title-border-radius: 0;
             @dashlet-title-color: #fff;
             @dashlet-toolbar-background: #A020F0;
             @dashlet-toolbar-border-bottom: 1px solid #d3d3d3;
             @dashlet-body-background: #f9fcfd;
             @dashlet-body-border-radius: 0;
          </less-variables>
       </css-tokens>
    </theme>
    
    Here we have done some customizations to the Share header style by overriding a number of LESS variables starting with @header-. We also customize the styling of Aikau Dashlets by overriding the @dashlet- LESS variables. Note that by default there are no Aikau dashlets on any of the Dashboards. You would have to install for example the Reporting and Analytics module to get some Aikau dashlets, which you could then style like this.

    You are probably wondering where all the LESS variable names are coming from, and what others there are that can be overridden? Have a look in the defaults.less file in the Aikau project. It contains the default values for all the LESS variables that are used by the Aikau components' CSS files.

    Note: The LESS variable substitution feature is only available in Aikau version 1.0.18 or newer. So you may need to upgrade to a newer version of Aikau for this to work, add the following dependency yo the aio/aio-share-jar/pom.xml file:
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.alfresco</groupId>
        <artifactId>aikau</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.30</version>
    </dependency>
    This will work as the Spring Surf framework will automatically choose the newest version of Aikau that it can find. Unless you have manually disabled/enabled Surf Extension modules and the newer Aikau module is process before the older one.
  10. Build and start the application server as follows:

    /all-in-one$ ./run.sh build_start
  11. Now, log in to Share (http://localhost:8080/share) and set the new theme.

    Do this by navigating to the Admin Tools page and then select the Tutorial Theme from the theme drop down, followed by a click on the Apply button. Then logout and you should see a custom logo in the login dialog:

    After logging in you should see the whole Dashboard page custom styled in a purple color:

    You should also see a custom logo on each page. If you are also running with the Share header customization installed, then you will see that it overrides the theme customization:

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